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Cocaine Drug Trafficking in Massachusetts

Drug trafficking in Massachusetts is a serious crime for which severe penalties are imposed, including mandatory periods of incarceration and major fines. Massachusetts is constantly working to derail drug trafficking operations across the Commonwealth. In 2018, Massachusetts and New Hampshire were jointly awarded nearly $3 million in federal funds to combat drug trafficking. The money, coming from the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services at the Department of Justice, will go towards the Anti-Heroin task force. The Commonwealth’s focus on drug trafficking is also apparent in the legislature. In 2018, a new version of the Massachusetts’ statute criminalizing drug trafficking went into effect. While the new statute decreased the mandatory penalties for trafficking of marijuana, the penalties for certain opiates increased, and an entire new section of the statute was added to include the opiate carfentanil.

Trafficking Offense Generally

Drug trafficking in cocaine offenses in Massachusetts are governed by Massachusetts General Law Chapter 94C Controlled Substances Act, Section 32E(b), which defines the offense as:

“knowingly or intentionally manufacturing, distributing or dispensing or possessing with intent to manufacture, distribute or dispense or by bringing into the commonwealth a net weight of 18 grams or more of a controlled substance as so defined, or a net weight of 18 grams or more of any mixture containing a controlled substance as so defined…”

A trafficking in cocaine offense arises when an individual possesses cocaine with the intent to distribute, and the amount of cocaine in question is sufficiently great that it rises to the level of trafficking. The difference between receiving a charge of distribution of controlled substances versus a charge of trafficking in controlled substances is merely the weight of the cocaine in question. Drug trafficking offenses carry mandatory minimum sentences of incarceration depending on the weight of the cocaine.

Mandatory Penalties for Drug Trafficking In Cocaine



18 grams to 35 grams

Incarceration 2 years to 15 years
Fine $2,500 to $25,000

36 grams to 99 grams

Incarceration 3 ½ years to 20 years
Fine $5,000 to $50,000

100 grams to 199 grams

Incarceration 8 years to 20 years
Fine $10,000 to $100,000

200 grams or more

Incarceration 12 years to 20 years
Fine $50,000 to $500,000

Elements Of The Offense

In order to convict a defendant of drug trafficking, the prosecution must prove the defendant knowingly or intentionally possessed, either actually or constructively, the substance and that the defendant intended to distribute a specific amount of the controlled substance. (See Commonwealth v. Roman, 414 Mass. 642, 643–644 (1993).

Elements Needed To Convict For Drug Trafficking In Cocaine
1. The defendant knowingly or intentionally (i.e. not ignorantly or accidentally),
2. possessed cocaine, either actual possession (meaning the defendant had exclusive or joint power and control over the cocaine) OR constructive possession (meaning the defendant had knowledge coupled with the ability and intent to exercise possession of the cocaine),
3. the amount of cocaine possessed is sufficiently great (see above chart for weight of cocaine needed for a trafficking offense), and
4. the defendant possessed the cocaine with the intent to distribute it to another (i.e. the possession was not for personal use).
Defenses To A Charge Of Trafficking In Cocaine

As the penalties for a conviction of trafficking in cocaine are severe, it is important that your defense attorney begin your defense as soon as possible.

One possible defense strategy is to file a motion to suppress. Motions to suppress are key to a viable defense at court and can potentially impact what evidence is allowed into your trial. A successful motion to suppress can be critical to an effective defense and can establish facts such as: 1) demonstrating that the search of your person or your home which yielded the cocaine was invalid; 2) the informant used to implicate you was unreliable; or 3) in the event of a traffic stop which led to a finding of cocaine, that the initial traffic stop was invalid.

In addition to the defenses available to your case, it is possible that your criminal charge could be reduced to a lesser level through the process of plea negotiation. For example, if you are charged with trafficking 200 grams of cocaine, through a plea negotiation, your defense attorney could persuade the prosecution to amend your offense to trafficking 199 grams of cocaine, thereby reducing your penalties to a lower mandatory minimum sentence.

You can learn more about defenses available to your case and search and seizure issues commonly found in drug cases on our website today.

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts imposes severe penalties on those convicted of trafficking in controlled substances. Therefore, if you are charged with an offense of trafficking in controlled substances, retaining the representation of an experienced criminal attorney who can aggressively begin your defense could be crucial to the successful outcome of your case. The attorneys at delsignoredefense, Michael DelSignore, are ready to fight for you. Please contact our office to request a free consultation and prepare to get your life back on track with a lawyer who helps people every day avoid criminal drug convictions.

Client Reviews
Michael was very professional and explained the process clearly and told us to be patient. After one year the charges got dismissed in the trial. Excellent knowledge of the court systems in the area of Boston. Would highly recommend him Ashwani
A careless decision on my part left me facing charges which would have severely hampered my ability to stay employed and support myself. But attorney DelSignore's skillful analysis and challenging of the evidence against me resulted in a conviction on a lesser charge. Now I'll be able to go on with my life, having learned a lesson I'll never forget. Thank you, Michael. Scott
Mike stuck with my case for 3.5 years and always kept me informed regarding the status. Ultimately, because of his due diligence, we ended up with an OUI not guilty verdict. This case could have gone many ways but his thorough review of the case and exceptional preparedness for trial ultimately drove a positive outcome. Thank you Mike! David
Michael DelSignore did an amazing job with my case! He was always available to answer any questions I had and helped walked me through the entire process. I could not have done it without them! I highly recommend choosing this law firm to deal with your legal needs, you will not be dissatisfied. Ashley
I cannot express the gratitude towards Michael for his amazing work and help. It was a very stressful event and they certainly put me at as much ease as possible. From start to finish it took 14 months and all the way through they were both very engaged with me. Today was worth the wait, Michael was great in court and I was rightfully found not guilty. I would recommend Michael over and over again. Claire